Why Managerial Women are Less Happy Than Managerial Men
Women with managerial careers are significantly less satisfied with their life than their male counterparts. Why? In a representative German panel dataset (GSOEP) we find biological constraints and substitutive mechanisms determining the subjective well-being of female managers. Women’s terminated fertility has a negative impact on women’s life satisfaction between the ages of 35 and 45, when managerial careers usually take off. Money and spare time can compensate for this biological difference. But to maintain an equivalent level of happiness, women need to be compensated by much more income for each hour of spare time given up than men do. So, in order to reach better gender equality in leadership positions, women must be either paid higher incomes (on average around 10%) or must be incentivized with more spare time than men. In the conclusion, we speculate on a new mix of carrots and sticks for advanced careers in order to boost female representation in leadership positions.
- Social Psychology
- Gender Studies
- Career preferences
- Gender differences
- Gender studies
- Life satisfaction
- ISSN: 1389-4978
Jag disputerade 1999 vid Stockholms Universitet (Essays on Social Dynamics, 1998) med Peter Hedström som handledare. Mellan 2002 och 2005 var jag Torgny Segerstedt Pro Futura Fellow vid Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS) i Uppsala.
2003 blev jag docent i sociologi, och 2004 universitetslektor, vid Stockholms Universitet, där jag var prefekt vid Sociologiska institutionen 2006 till 2008.
Jag flyttade till en professur vid Jacobs University Bremen i Tyskland 2008 och rekryterades till Lunds universitet som professor 2012.