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Friendship network characteristics and psychological well-being in late adolescence: Exploring differences by gender and gender composition

Författare:
  • Ylva B Almquist
  • Viveca Östberg
  • Mikael Rostila
  • Christofer Edling
  • Jens Rydgren
Publiceringsår: 2014
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 146-154
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Volym: 42
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Taylor & Francis

Abstract english

Aims: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between friendship networks and psychological well-being among 19-year-olds. Methods: The data used was a random sample of Swedish individuals born in 1990 who answered a questionnaire in 2009–2010. Friendship networks were considered in terms of three measures of emotional support. Six statements about the individual’s emotional state were used to create a summary measure of psychological well-being. Gender and gender composition were included as potentially moderating factors. The association between friendship networks and psychological well-being was analysed by means of linear regression analysis (n = 1289). Results: The results indicate that males’ and females’ friendship networks were similar with regard to quality and trust, whereas males’ networks were characterized by less self-disclosure and a stronger preference for same-gender friendships. Gender composition did not matter for the support levels. Emotional support was associated with psychological well-being but there were gender differences: females seemed to benefit more health-wise from having high-quality (and trusting) networks. Moreover, whereas self-disclosure among males was positively linked to well-being, this was not the case among females. None of these associations were moderated by gender composition. Conclusions: In sum, friendship networks are beneficial for the psychological well-being among late adolescents, but there are some important differences according to gender.

Keywords

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Emotional support
  • friendship
  • gender differences
  • late adolescence
  • psychological well-being
  • social networks

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1651-1905
Christofer Edling
E-post: christofer.edling [at] soc.lu.se

Prodekan

Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten

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Professor

Sociologi

+46 46 222 88 62

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Bakgrund

Jag disputerade 1999 vid Stockholms Universitet (Essays on Social Dynamics, 1998) med Peter Hedström som handledare. Mellan 2002 och 2005 var jag Torgny Segerstedt Pro Futura Fellow vid Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS) i Uppsala.

2003 blev jag docent i sociologi, och 2004 universitetslektor, vid Stockholms Universitet, där jag var prefekt vid Sociologiska institutionen 2006 till 2008.

Jag flyttade till en professur vid Jacobs University Bremen i Tyskland 2008 och rekryterades till Lunds universitet som professor 2012.

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