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Trade Unions and Collective Agreements in a Changing World

Författare:
  • Anders Kjellberg
Redaktör:
  • Annette Thörnquist
  • Åsa-Karin Engstrand
Publiceringsår: 2011
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 47-100
Volym: Work & Society. Vol. 70
Dokumenttyp: Del av eller Kapitel i bok
Förlag: Peter Lang Publishing Group

Abstract english

In the chapter, “Trade Unions and Collective Agreements in a

Changing World”, Anders Kjellberg explains why Swedish union

density still is very high from an international perspective and why it fell dramatically in the years 2007 and 2008, particularly among Young and foreign-born employees, both containing a high share of precarious workers. Also, a number of long-term factors pressing union density downwards and militating against union activities are discussed. Kjellberg also presents data on density of employers’ organisations and coverage of collective agreements. Furthermore, he deals with strategies of employers’ associations and the development of power relations between unions and employers. Attention is also paid to the growing internal rifts within each camp between manufacturing and the private services.



In the chapter, "Trade Unions and Collective Agreements in a Changing World", it is explained why Swedish union density still is very high from an international perspective and why it fell dramatically in the years 2007 and 2008, particularly among young and foreign-born employees, both containing a high share of precarious workers. Also data on density of employers’ organisations and coverage of collective agreements are presented. Thirdly the chapter deals with strategies of employers’ associations and the development of power relations between unions and employers. Attention is also paid to the growing internal rifts within each camp between manufacturing and the private services. The high Swedish union density is explained with the presence and design of state-supported union unemployment funds, industrial relations distinguished by a combination of centralisation and decentralisation, the preference of collective agreements to state regulation, the high density of employers’ associations and the existence of separate unions for blue-collar and white-collar workers. The chapter also accounts for the falling union density by referring to both long-term and short-term developments. Among the former are the changing composition of the workforce (including outsourcing from manufacturing industry and public sector to firms in private services), declining coverage of union workplace organisations and increased share of fixed-term jobs. As the main explanation for the sharp fall in 2007 and 2008, the decision of the centre-right government to make it much more costly to be affiliated to both a trade union and a union unemployment fund from January 2007 is pointed out. As a result, union density declined fastest among the categories of workers that include a high share of precarious workers, more precisely among young workers, blue-collar workers in the private service sector and foreign-born workers. Since the 1990s Swedish employers have opted for a far-reaching decentralisation of collective bargaining. With inspiration from Germany, the Association of Engineering Employers has repeatedly demanded the introduction of opening clauses to improve competiveness by increased flexibility and local adaptability. The historical 2009 Crisis Agreement is discussed from such a perspective. The chapter also emphasises that the increasingly frequent attitude to weigh costs and benefits of union membership got a large immediate impact when the cost suddenly was raised but not the utility of union membership. However, Swedish unions are still strong enough to withstand the employers’ aspirations on completely decentralised industrial relations and they will probably be able to do so in the foreseeable future as well. This is particularly important for employees with a weak individual bargaining position as precarious workers. This is said with reservation, as new, unexpected developments might weaken unions and increase the share of precarious workers in the workforce. As was evident already in the 2010 bargaining round, the tendency of firms to replace regular personnel with workers from temporary agencies emerged as a problem given high priority by blue-collar unions. From a union perspective, this highlights the importance of improving the conditions of precarious workers to make such actions less attractive for employers.

Keywords

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • collective agreement
  • Crisis Agreement
  • collective bargaining
  • Ghent system
  • union density
  • otrygga arbetsvillkor
  • precarious employment
  • sociology
  • sociologi
  • employers' associations
  • Industry Agreement
  • unemployment fund
  • trade union
  • Sweden
  • immigrants
  • blue-collar workers
  • white-collar workers
  • segregation

Other

Published
  • Union Density in a Global Perspective
  • ISBN: 978-90-5201-730-3
Anders Kjellberg
E-post: anders [dot] kjellberg [at] soc [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Sociologi

+46 46 222 88 47

337

31

Forskningsprojekt

Arbetskraftsmigration, fack och arbetsgivare (Forte). Tillsammans med Olle Frödin.

Facklig anslutning ur ett globalt perspektiv (Forte)

Collective Bargaining in Europe (European Trade Union Institute, ETUI, Bryssel)

Anställningsbidrag inom handeln (Handelsrådet). Tillsammans med Olle Frödin, Vesa Leppänen och Ann-Mari Sellerberg.

Skriftförteckning

Priser och utmärkelser

Arbetslöshetskassornas Samorganisa-tions forskningspris 2015 för forskning  om förändringarna i a-kassereglerna och deras effekter på a-kassornas organisationsgrad. Rudolf Meidner-priset 1998 för boken Fackliga organisationer och medlemmar i dagens Sverige (1997; uppdaterad och utvidgad upplaga 2001). Lars Salvius-föreningens stipendium 2001 och 2015. Studentlitteraturs kurslitteraturpris 2018 (hederspris) tilldelad boken Arbete & Välfärd (Åke Sandberg red.) i vilken jag medverkar med ett kapitel.

Doktorsavhandling

Facklig organisering i tolv länder (Arkiv förlag 1983). Handledare: professor Göran Therborn. Opponent: professor Walter Korpi.

Citeringsanalys 1996-2005 att läsa på vetenskapsbloggen Forskningspolitik

Avhandlingen skrevs inom forsknings-projektet "Sverige under socialdemokratin 1932-76" (projektledare: Göran Therborn). Annan publikation av Anders Kjellberg från projektet: "Från industriell demokrati till medbestämmande" (1981)

Intervjuer i urval

Syndicalismes (1/4) - Europe: malaise dans la représentation (franska radiokanalen France Culture 16/2 2015)

Jannike skulle böta sex månadslöner. Den svenska modellen (SVT Uppdrag Granskning 22/10 2014)

Många företag är oorganiserade (Arbetet 17/10 2014)

En av tre med i facket (avser hotell- och restaurangarbetare; Hotellrevyn 12/2 2014)

Synlig fackklubb ger fler medlemmar (Mål & Medel 29/10 2013)

Fritt fall för facket? (HD 14/1 2012)

Fortsätter det blir det problem (Mål och Medel nr 2 2012)

Den svenska modellens rötter (TCO-tidningen 21/11 2011)

Forskare sågar regeringens a-kassepolitik (Dagens Industri 9/3 2011)

Typiske fackmedlemmen är inte arbetare. Historisk milstolpe (P1 Ekot 9/3 2011)

Privata tjänstemän lika organiserade som arbetare (LO-tidningen 11/2 2011)

Om den fackliga medlemsutvecklingen (P4-programmet Espresso 31/5 2010)

Medlemmarna sviker facket (Webbtv-kanalen Vad står på spel 14/4 2010)

LO:s medlemstapp håller i sig (Dagens eko och Ekonomiekot 22/1 2010)

Flera förklaringar till fackens dystra siffror (Arbetsliv 28/1 2010)

Största tappet på 100 år för facket (Morgonekot och Dagens eko 19/8 2009)

Största tappet sedan 1909 (DN 5/3 2008)

Rekordmånga fly facket (DN 13/12 2007)

Aktuellt TV2 kl 18 och i TV1 Rapport kl 19.30 20/10 2006. Anders Kjellberg:var femte fackmedlem kan försvinna om a-kasseavgiften höjs kraftigt (avser LO-medlemmar)

Medlemmarna flyr när a-kassan höjs (LO-tidningen 22/9 2006: var femte LO-medlem kan tappas)

Anders K. (TCO-tidningen 18/10 2006)

Anders Kjellberg i Wikipedia

Lunds universitets bild- och mediebank

CV ANDERS KJELLBERG

Anders Kjellberg i Google Scholar: citeringar

Sociologiska institutionen
Lunds universitet
Besök: Sandgatan 11, Hus G, Lund
Postadress: Box 114 , 221 00 Lund
Telefon: Studerandeexpeditionen +46 46-222 88 44, Lunds universitets växel +46 46-222 00 00

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