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Det fackliga medlemsraset i Sverige under 2007 och 2008

Author:
  • Anders Kjellberg
Publishing year: 2009
Language: Swedish
Pages: 11-28
Publication/Series: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv
Volume: 15
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen och Arbetslivsinstitutet

Abstract english

Den fackliga organisationsgraden är fortfarande mycket hög i Sverige. Sedan de svenska a-kasseavgifterna höjts kraftigt 2007 inträffade ett fackligt medlemsras utan motsvarighet i Sveriges moderna historia. Arbetsgivarnas organisationsgrad (definierad som andelen löntagare i företag och förvaltningar som tillhör en arbetsgivarorganisation) är numera betydligt högre än löntagarnas. Artikeln redovisar nedgången i facklig anslutning för olika grupper och varför det inte var svårt att förutse medlemsraset. Vidare behandlas de av regeringen uppgivna motiven för den radikala förändringen av a-kassornas finansiering.
Union density still is very high in Sweden. The considerably raised fees to union unemployment funds made by the centre-right government in January 2007 have caused a fall of union density of a magnitude quite unique in modern Swedish history: from 77% in 2006 to 71% in 2008 (annual averages; full-time students working part-time excluded). In private sector union density declined from 71% in 2006 to 65% in 2008. In the same period density of employers' associations increased from 77% to 80% (the share of workers in firms affiliated to employers' associations). As a result Swedish employers now are considerably better organised than the workers. That was not the case as late as in the year 2000 when private sector union density was 75% and density of employers' organisations 74% (private sector). Blue-collar unions were exposed to the largest losses (in general fees of blue-collar unemployment funds were raised more than those of white-collar funds). In 2008 union density of white-collar workers was somewhat higher (72%) than among blue-collar workers (71%). Between 2005 and 2007 the coverage of collective agreements declined from 94% to 91% (in private sector from 90% to 87%).

Keywords

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • arbetsgivarna
  • medlemsras
  • Saco
  • LO
  • organisationsgrad
  • a-kasseavgift
  • svenska modellen
  • medlemsutveckling
  • Handelsanställdas förbund
  • facklig organisationsgrad
  • arbetare
  • IF Metall
  • trade union
  • a-kassa
  • Kommunal
  • union density
  • kollektivavtal
  • medlemsavgift
  • täckningsgrad
  • Svenskt Näringsliv
  • arbetsgivarorganisation
  • fackförening
  • TCO
  • Hotell & Restaurang
  • arbetslöshetsförsäkring
  • polarisering
  • arbetslöshetskassa
  • facklig organisation
  • employers' associations
  • facklig anslutning
  • tjänstemän
  • medlemsras
  • organisationsgrad
  • fackförening
  • a-kassa
  • LO
  • TCO
  • Saco
  • medlemskap

Other

Published
  • Union Density in a Global Perspective
  • ISSN: 1400-9692
Anders Kjellberg
E-mail: anders [dot] kjellberg [at] soc [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Sociology

+46 46 222 88 47

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Research projects

Labour Migration, Trade Unions and Employers (FAS/Forte). Anders Kjellberg and Olle Frödin.

Union Density in a Global Perspective Anders Kjellberg

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anders kjellberg's more detailed website in swedish

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Department of Sociology
Lund University
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