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Labor Migration from Third Countries to Swedish Low-wage jobs

Author:
  • Olle Frödin
  • Anders Kjellberg
Publishing year: 2018-03-21
Language: English
Pages: 65-85
Publication/Series: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies

Abstract english

Since December 2008, Sweden has more liberal rules for labor immigration from ‘third countries’ – countries outside the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) – than any other country in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The introduction of employer-driven labor immigration, motivated by the need to address labor shortages, resulted in large inflows of migrants in low-skilled occupations in labor surplus sectors. This article examines the situation of the approximately 500 restaurant and cleaning workers who were granted work permits in Stockholm in 2012. More than four out of ten labor migrants ‘switched track’ from asylum seekers, students, or family connection. Every second worker was recruited to companies without collective agreements. In several cases, a nationality/ethnic link between migrant and employer appears to exist. The reasons why so many low-skilled labor migrants in nonseasonal occupations were recruited are discussed. Finally, alternative explanations for the decline of this type of labor migration after 2011 are considered.

Keywords

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • labor migration
  • third country
  • low-wage
  • work permit
  • trade union
  • employer
  • asylum seeker
  • track change
  • vulnerability
  • exploitation
  • EU
  • OECD
  • collective agreement
  • restaurant sector
  • cleaning
  • cock
  • food preparation assistant
  • Sociology
  • sociologi
  • Delmi
  • Migration Agency
  • Migrationsverket
  • labor migration
  • labour migration
  • third-country
  • OECD
  • EU
  • low-wage
  • low-skilled
  • work permit
  • resturant sector
  • cleaning
  • cock
  • food preparation assistant
  • vulnerability
  • exploitation
  • precarious
  • precarity
  • trade union
  • employer
  • collective agreement
  • sociology
  • sociologi
  • industrial relations
  • track change
  • spårbyte
  • arbetskraftsinvandring
  • arbetskraftsmigration
  • arbetskraftsmigrant
  • arbetstillstånd
  • kollektivavtal

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 2245-0157
Anders Kjellberg
E-mail: anders [dot] kjellberg [at] soc [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Sociology

+46 46 222 88 47

337

31

Research projects

Labour Migration, Trade Unions and Employers (FAS/Forte). Anders Kjellberg and Olle Frödin.

Union Density in a Global Perspective Anders Kjellberg

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anders kjellberg's more detailed website in swedish

Google Scholar Citations

Department of Sociology
Lund University
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Postal address: Box 114 , SE-221 00 LUND, SWEDEN
Telephone: Student Office +46 46-222 88 44, Lund University Switchboard +46 46-222 00 00

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