Cash Cow, Civil Space or Cooptation: Private Schools in Urban China
The project analyzes which hard and soft laws and ideologies regulate private education; what kind of actors form what types of alliances to promote and implement private education; and how private schooling is debated and legitimized in China by various actors.
It focuses, on the one hand, on the network of the Chinese Association for Non-Government Education and, on the other, on private schools in Beijing, Kunming and Zhejiang Province, which represent different social spaces and serve different parts of the emerging Chinese middle class. It is the aim to find out how a so-called "neo-liberal" development becomes grounded in an illiberal context; and whether the opening-up of education to private entrepreneurs leads to the emergence of new, partly autonomous social spaces, or whether the co-optation of the rising middle-class by those in power results in an even subtler regulation of Chinese society.
- Schulte, Barbara. 2014. Chinas Bildungssystem im Wandel: Elitenbildung, Ungleichheiten, Reformversuche [China's Education System in Transformation: Elite Education, Inequalities, Reform Experiments].' In: Doris Fischer and Christoph Müller-Hofstede (eds), Länderbericht China [Country Report China]. Vol. 1501. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung. Pp. 499-541.
- Schulte, Barbara. 'World Culture with Chinese Characteristics: When Global Models Go Native.' In: Comparative Education 48, 4 (2012). Pp. 473–486.
- Schulte, Barbara. 2014. Spaces of Consumption: Private Schools in Urban China. Paper read at CIES (Comparative & International Education Society), 'Revisioning Education for All', at Toronto, March 10-15.
- Schulte, Barbara. 2013. World Culture Recontextualized: Alternative Approaches to the Global/Local Nexus. Paper read at WCCES (World Congress of Comparative Education Societies), 'New Times, New Voices', at Buenos Aires, June 24-28.
- Schulte, Barbara. 2012. Privatisation à la Chinoise: Social Networks in the Interface of Education, Economy, and Politics in China. Paper read at DGfE (German Educational Society), 'Border Crossings', at Osnabrück, March 12-14.