Labour Migration, Trade Unions and Employers
The aim of the project is to analyse the consequences of the radical reform of labour immigration to Sweden with regard to third-country nationals from non-EU countries, introduced in 2008. Until this time, the Employment Agency and the trade unions had a great deal of influence over the inflow of labour immigrants.
The reform introduced a ”demand-driven” model of labour immigration from third country, providing Swedish employers the right to unilaterally decide whether or not labour immigrants are needed, provided that pay and working conditions are in accordance with the collective agreements or the praxis within the industry. With this reform Sweden left a very restrictive system of labour migration and adopted one of the most liberal within the OECD.