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Social capital, friendship networks, and youth unemployment

Författare:
  • Martin Hällsten
  • Christofer Edling
  • Jens Rydgren
Publiceringsår: 2016-06-11
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 234-250
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Social Science Research
Volym: 61
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier

Abstract english

Youth unemployment is a contemporary social problem in many societies. Youths often have limited access to information about jobs and limited social influence, yet little is known about the relationship between social capital and unemployment risk among youth. We study the effect of social capital on unemployment risk in a sample of 19 year olds of Swedish, Iranian, and Yugoslavian origin living in Sweden (N = 1590). We distinguish between two dimensions of social capital: occupational contact networks and friendship networks. First, ego’s unemployment is found to be strongly associated with friends’ unemployment among individuals of Yugoslavian origins and individuals of Swedish origin, but not Iranian origin. Second, occupational contact networks reduce unemployment risks for all groups, but especially so for Iranians. The effect sizes of the two dimensions are similar and substantial: going from low to high values on these measures is associated with a difference of some 60–70 percent relative difference in unemployment risk. The findings are robust to a number of different model specifications, including a rich set of social origin controls, personality traits, educational performance, friends’ characteristics, and friendship network characteristics, as well as controls for geographical employment patterns. A sensitivity simulation shows that homogeneity bias need to be very strong to explain away the effect.

Keywords

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • Youth unemployment
  • Social networks
  • Social capital
  • Ethnic inequality

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0049-089X
Christofer Edling
E-post: christofer.edling [at] soc.lu.se

Prodekan

Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten

+46 46 222 88 62

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Professor

Sociologi

+46 46 222 88 62

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Bakgrund

Jag disputerade 1999 vid Stockholms Universitet (Essays on Social Dynamics, 1998) med Peter Hedström som handledare. Mellan 2002 och 2005 var jag Torgny Segerstedt Pro Futura Fellow vid Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS) i Uppsala.

2003 blev jag docent i sociologi, och 2004 universitetslektor, vid Stockholms Universitet, där jag var prefekt vid Sociologiska institutionen 2006 till 2008.

Jag flyttade till en professur vid Jacobs University Bremen i Tyskland 2008 och rekryterades till Lunds universitet som professor 2012.

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