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Neighborhood and Friendship Composition in Adolescence

Författare:
  • Christofer Edling
  • Jens Rydgren
Publiceringsår: 2012-11-12
Språk: Engelska
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: SAGE Open
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Sage Open

Abstract english

The social surroundings in which an individual grows up and spends his or her everyday life have an effect on his or her life chances. Much of the research into this phenomenon focuses on so-called neighborhood effects and has put particular emphasis on the negative effects of growing up in a poor neighborhood. Originating from the sociological study of inner-city problems in the United States, the research has recently been embraced by Scandinavian social scientists, who have generally assessed the phenomenon with reference to social network effects and the lock-in effects of ethnic enclaves. We critique the theoretical assumptions that we find in recent Scandinavian research and argue that a straightforward interpretation of neighborhood effects in terms of network effects is problematic. Our argument is based on an empirical analysis of friendship circles of ninth graders in Stockholm (N = 240). We conclude that the friendship networks of ninth graders extend well beyond the neighborhood, thus casting serious doubt on the network effects assumption of previous research. We also conclude that there is nothing in the reality of these ninth graders that confirms the established concept of the ethnic enclave.

Keywords

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • ethnicity
  • adolescence
  • social interaction
  • friendship
  • neighborhood
  • sociologi
  • sociology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 2158-2440
Christofer Edling
E-post: christofer.edling [at] soc.lu.se

Prodekan

Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten

+46 46 222 88 62

333

35

Professor

Sociologi

+46 46 222 88 62

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Bakgrund

Jag disputerade 1999 vid Stockholms Universitet (Essays on Social Dynamics, 1998) med Peter Hedström som handledare. Mellan 2002 och 2005 var jag Torgny Segerstedt Pro Futura Fellow vid Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS) i Uppsala.

2003 blev jag docent i sociologi, och 2004 universitetslektor, vid Stockholms Universitet, där jag var prefekt vid Sociologiska institutionen 2006 till 2008.

Jag flyttade till en professur vid Jacobs University Bremen i Tyskland 2008 och rekryterades till Lunds universitet som professor 2012.

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