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Sebastién Tutenges

Sébastien Tutenges

Associate Professor | Senior Lecturer

Sebastién Tutenges

The street-jihadi spectrum : Marginality, radicalization and resistance to extremism


  • Sveinung Sandberg
  • Sébastien Tutenges
  • Jonathan Ilan

Summary, in English

For over a decade, jihadi terrorism in Europe, and the recruitment of Europeans to fight for ISIS in Syria, have increasingly involved marginalized youths from a social context of street culture, illegal drug use and crime. Existing theoretical models of the crime-terrorism nexus and radicalization arguably do not sufficiently explain the fluid and dynamic ways by which the street cultural come to be politico-religiously violent. This paper provides a novel retheorization, the street-jihadi spectrum, which is better placed to explain a wide range of behaviours, from the merely stylistic to the spectacularly violent. On the street culture end it includes subcultural play with provocative jihadi symbols and on the jihadi end the terrorism of ‘gangster-jihadists’. We emphasize that the spectrum, consisting of a multitude of confluences of street and jihadi cultures, also includes resistance to jihadism.


  • Sociology
  • Department of Sociology

Publishing year





European Journal of Criminology

Document type

Journal article


SAGE Publications


  • Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)




  • ISSN: 1741-2609